The building of the magnificent pyramids of Giza
Our long awaited trip to Egypt:
Finally, we packed our bags and were on our most awaited trip. Egypt, the sand, the water and the pyramids reckoned us..
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Our long awaited trip to Egypt:
Finally, we packed our bags and were on our most awaited trip. Egypt, the sand, the water and the pyramids reckoned us. […]
My kids were all excited and could not sleep in the flight and kept looking out of the window to see if they had finally entered the place.
While I tried to relax picking out the in-flight entertainment and catch up with a not so recent Hollywood flick, both the children chattered away incessantly making plans for after landing. So, finally we were all set for a date with history!
The magnificent Pyramids:
The first program on our travel itinerary was the pyramids. Our taxi driver who spoke Arabic and very little English took us to a shop where the owner sat us and brought out cheap (old and much used) cardboard with a pictographic representation of the landscape of Giza. Apparently, the vast acre of land which houses the Pharonic memoribilia goes by the name of ancient city of Giza.
The journey begins:
We opted for the package which took us around all the pyramids and the sphinx in a tall horse cart. At the entrance we had to purchase tickets for entry. “Two adults and two children please.” The ticket guy looked once again at us to make sure while our guide nudged us to fib about the age of the youngest one by one year so that he could get a free entry. We decided otherwise and bought the tickets anyways. Once inside:
The guide took us to the smallest pyramid first. What? It was towering and the more we looked up to its peak the more we felt tinier and inconsequential. After that the medium and the big one only heightened our curiosity to see them from inside. Which we did!
The period when these pyramids were built:
Roughly 1500 years ago, the pharaohs ruled Egypt. They thought that they were incarnations of the God on earth and so naturally they were worthy of veneration, if you are interested to know more, visit us at this site. The Egyptians believed that their birth in to this earth is not the destination but a passage into the eternal world and the eternal world is where life is similar to that on earth with the only difference that there can be death.
And so the pharaohs mummified their dead and buried all their belongings, including, food, clothes and ornaments and even the pets so that they could use these wares in the hereafter.
There was no photography back then and written records are no longer intelligible, the scientists have over the last five hundred years tried to decipher how these architectural marvels have been constructed even when there was no technological advancements at all. It is not simply that they are counted as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
The last two centuries have yielded stupendous results:
Researchers miraculously came across a papyrus buried near the red sea explaining how a town was built around the pyramids and how the blocks were transported in constructing the pyramids with the help of water.
Putting two and two together:
Egyptians built the step pyramids to cover the actual tomb of their pharaohs. The tombs which were actually a rectangular grave with a slightly big superstructure are called the ‘mastaba’. These mastabas were then covered with step pyramids and inside them were winding corridors, secret rooms and underground tunnels. Infact, you can never enter the pyramid erect. One has to only crawl at the entrance to reach the sanctorium that is the grave.
Using water to sledge the stones:
The stones used for the pyramids were quarried from a nearby mine which still bears remains of exploitation. There is also evidence that the huge blocks of rocks were driven up using ramps but there are no remains whatsoever of the ramps.
The sand was wet and that the scientists say reduced the friction of sledging the rocks across the desert before piling them one on top of the other. The angle of the peak of the pyramid to the most northern point is also the most accurate for all the pyramids. What is amazing is that they never had any instruments those days to measure the true north.
Scientists believe that the Egyptians who were good in astronomy used their knowledge to point their pyramids northwards by telling the position of Polaris or the North Star.
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